# Look-up Issue

#### wardy0601

##### Board Regular
Hi All,

I have a list of data arranged in ascending order over 141 months in a budget I am working on. The budget is 200 months in total.

I have included a sample data set below:

Excel Workbook
ENEOEPEQERESETEUEV
3*********
4135136137138139140141142143
5*********
670273278378377085553100
7222203210206211220240141245
8167081723717810183871894619581198721973119486
Cost of Sales

My issue is for some reason when I try to look-up a value of 18,400 it returns month 199 instead of month 138 for some reason. I have tried using a look-up formula and also index/match and it gives the same result. Is there something that I am missing as to why excel would be returning those values?

Any help would be appreciated.

### Excel Facts

How to find 2nd largest value in a column?
MAX finds the largest value. =LARGE(A:A,2) will find the second largest. =SMALL(A:A,3) will find the third smallest
post the formula of lookup you used.

The formula used is as follows:

=IF(H132<\$F\$3,LOOKUP(H132,\$J\$8:\$GZ\$8,\$J\$4:\$GZ\$4),"")

where:

H132 = 18000
F3 = 19872 (Max of row 8)
Rows 8 & 4 are illustrated on the table above.

Hi All,

I have a list of data arranged in ascending order over 141 months in a budget I am working on. The budget is 200 months in total.

I have included a sample data set below:

Excel Workbook
ENEOEPEQERESETEUEV
3*********
4135136137138139140141142143
5*********
670273278378377085553100
7222203210206211220240141245
8167081723717810183871894619581198721973119486
Cost of Sales

My issue is for some reason when I try to look-up a value of 18,400 it returns month 199 instead of month 138 for some reason. I have tried using a look-up formula and also index/match and it gives the same result. Is there something that I am missing as to why excel would be returning those values?

Any help would be appreciated.
What do the formulas you have tried look like?

If you're looking for an approximate match the data must be sorted in ascending order. You data (on row 8) is not sorted in ascending order so an approximate match may not return the correct result.

The data is in ascending order up until month 141, then is it is in descending order after that month.

I have also tried the following formula:

=INDEX(\$J\$4:\$HA\$4,,MATCH(H132,J8:HA8,1))

Where:
Row 4 is the month number
H132 the look-up value (18,000)
Row 8 is the number of transactions arranged in ascending order to month 141, then descending order to month 200

In this example, it is returning a value of 200 when it should be returning month 137.

The look-up value return is fine being approximate.

Thanks for your consideration on this.

The data is in ascending order up until month 141, then is it is in descending order after that month.

I have also tried the following formula:

=INDEX(\$J\$4:\$HA\$4,,MATCH(H132,J8:HA8,1))

Where:
Row 4 is the month number
H132 the look-up value (18,000)
Row 8 is the number of transactions arranged in ascending order to month 141, then descending order to month 200

In this example, it is returning a value of 200 when it should be returning month 137.

The look-up value return is fine being approximate.

Thanks for your consideration on this.
Maybe this array formula**:

=INDEX(J4:HA4,MATCH(MAX(IF(J8:HA8<=H132,J8:HA8)),J8:HA8,0))

** array formulas need to be entered using the key
combination of CTRL,SHIFT,ENTER (not just ENTER).
Hold down both the CTRL key and the SHIFT key
then hit ENTER.

I used the following formula:

=IF(H132>\$F\$3,"",INDEX(\$J\$4:\$HA\$4,MATCH(MAX(IF(\$J\$8:\$HA\$8<=H132,\$J\$8:\$HA\$8)),\$J\$8:\$HA\$8,0)))

For some reason it is bypassing the first value of 18,000 and picking up month 149.

The data from months 147 - 151 looks like this:

Excel Workbook
EZFAFBFCFD
3
4147148149150151
5
600000
7289262298289307
81849118229179311764217335
Cost of Sales

I can't work out why it is skipping the first larger value of 18,000 and going to the second one?

I used the following formula:

=IF(H132>\$F\$3,"",INDEX(\$J\$4:\$HA\$4,MATCH(MAX(IF(\$J\$8:\$HA\$8<=H132,\$J\$8:\$HA\$8)),\$J\$8:\$HA\$8,0)))

For some reason it is bypassing the first value of 18,000 and picking up month 149.

The data from months 147 - 151 looks like this:

Excel Workbook
EZFAFBFCFD
3
4147148149150151
5
600000
7289262298289307
81849118229179311764217335
Cost of Sales

I can't work out why it is skipping the first larger value of 18,000 and going to the second one?
It's because 17931 is the max value that is less than or equal to 18000.

You have to come up with a specific rule to determine which value should be the correct result since your data is not sorted in ascending order and you are trying to do approximate matches.

Sheet1

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BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">2</TD><TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">3</TD><TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">4</TD><TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">5</TD><TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">6</TD><TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">7</TD><TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">8</TD><TD style="BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">9</TD></TR><TR style="HEIGHT: 17px"><TD style="FONT-SIZE: 8pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: #cacaca; TEXT-ALIGN: center">5</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT: #000000 1px solid; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD></TR><TR style="HEIGHT: 17px"><TD style="FONT-SIZE: 8pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: #cacaca; TEXT-ALIGN: center">6</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT: #000000 1px solid; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD></TR><TR style="HEIGHT: 17px"><TD style="FONT-SIZE: 8pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: #cacaca; TEXT-ALIGN: center">7</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT: #000000 1px solid; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; COLOR: #ffffff; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">_</TD></TR><TR style="HEIGHT: 17px"><TD style="FONT-SIZE: 8pt; BACKGROUND-COLOR: #cacaca; TEXT-ALIGN: center">8</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">1</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">3</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">5</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">7</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">9</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">7</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">5</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">3</TD><TD style="BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-RIGHT: #000000 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 1px; BORDER-LEFT-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-TOP-COLOR: #000000; BORDER-BOTTOM: #000000 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center">1</TD></TR></TABLE>

...and the lookup value was 2, what result do you expect?

In that case the result we would be looking for would be 1.

In that case the result we would be looking for would be 1.
Ok, the array formula in post #6 will return 1.

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