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## countif reference to cell

Posted by Geoff Branch on May 07, 2001 10:00 AM
I am trying to use countif where the criteria needs to be an absolute reference to a cell. Anyone able to help? Thanks.
Geoff Branch

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## Re: countif reference to cell

Posted by IML on May 07, 2001 10:17 AM

I may be missing something, but it should work fine just putting dollar signs aroung your criteria cell. Ie count the number of occurances of what is in cell one use
=COUNTIF(yourrange,\$a\$1)

Good luck

## Re: countif reference to cell

Posted by Geoff Branch on May 07, 2001 10:35 AM

That's just my point!!! It doesn't work!!! It seems that you have to enter a value, not a cell reference.
Geoff Branch

## Ian is right...

Posted by Aladin on May 07, 2001 10:48 AM
Geoff,

Here a sample data

{1;2;5;2;2}

that occupies A1:A5.

In B1 enter: 2

To count how many 2's are in A:A5, you can just use

=COUNTIF(A1:A5,\$B\$1)

Enter this formula, say in C1, you'll get 3 as result.

In principle, it's better to put a condition (value to be counted) in a cell of its own. You can the have the following possibilities:

=COUNTIF(range,cell-ref) => count values that are equal to the value of cell-ref.

=COUNTIF(range,">"&cell-ref) => count values that are larger than the value of cell-ref.

Etc., etc.

Hope this helps.

## Re: Ian is right...

Posted by Geoff Branch on May 07, 2001 11:58 AM
Thanks to all you helped! It's a syntax thing.
=COUNTIF(E362:E368,">"&\$D\$373) works! But what does the "" and & have to do with it all? Probably a newbie question, but I can't help but asking. Again, many, many thanks.

Geoff Branch

## How a formula with COUNTIF is evaluated...

Posted by Aladin Akyurek on May 07, 2001 12:18 PM
COUNTIF requires a constant value as its last argument. And this argument must be put within a pair of double quotes.

In case you use COUNTIF(range,"=2") or COUNTIF(range,"="&B1), you can omit "=", because this is the default case.

When you want to use a relational operator other than = (e.g., <>,>, etc), you need to have the double quotes around the operator and the value, like in

=COUNTIF(range,">4").

The & in =COUNTIF(range,">"&B1) is evaluated first: the value in B1 is fetched and concatenated with ">". Therafter the formula that now contains a constant together with a rel operator in double quotes gets evaluated.